Brozas, Alburquerque and Olivenza have been the regions with the largest average sizes of agricultural area used per farm in 2020, with 108.99, 101.14 and 96.02 hectares, respectively.
For their part, the regions of Jaraíz de la Vera (7.99 hectares), Hervás (10.36 hectares) and Herrera Duque (26.00 hectares) have presented the smallest average sizes per farm.
Likewise, the average size of farms has increased more intensely in the regions of Brozas (29.4%), Trujillo (27.7%) and Alburquerque (25.1%).
On the contrary, the greatest decreases have been recorded in the regions of Jaraíz de la Vera (-52.3%), Plasencia (-16.6%) and Herrera Duque (-15.3%), reported the Institute of Statistics of Extremadura in a press release.
Distribution of livestock
Regarding the distribution of livestock by type of livestock and agricultural region, the largest numbers of cattle have been concentrated in the year 2020 in the regions of Cáceres (118,352 head), Coria (103,928 head) and Jerez de los Caballeros (92,087 heads).
In sheep, the regions of Castuera (513,942 heads), Puebla Alcocer (344,638 heads) and Cáceres (333,683 heads) have presented the highest figures.
In the same way, Jerez de los Caballeros has been the region with the highest number of goats, with 37,590 heads. Next are the regions of Llerena (32,609 heads) and Coria (17,630 heads).
As for pigs, the regions of Jerez de los Caballeros (319,319 heads) and Llerena (263,936 heads) have once again stood out, with the region of Azuaga (176,658 heads) remaining in third position.
Finally, the highest numbers of poultry have been concentrated in the regions of Almendralejo (2.8 million heads), Coria (1.7 million) and Jerez de los Caballeros (0.6 million).
Organic farming is an agricultural system whose objective is to obtain “highest quality” food, respecting the environment and preserving the fertility of the land through the optimal use of natural resources.
In 2020, the ecological used agricultural area (UAA) represented 4% of the total UAA in Extremadura. By province, it is observed that the percentage of ecological SAU with respect to the total SAU is higher in Badajoz (5.2%) than in Cáceres (2.3%).
The regions with the greatest representation of ecological SAU with respect to the total SAU have been Castuera, with 9.9%; Almendralejo, with 8.5%, and Llerena, with 7.3%.
On the other hand, Valencia de Alcántara (0.6%), Navalmoral de la Mata (1.1%) and Trujillo (1.6%) have been the regions with the lowest percentage of ecological UAS.
For its part, organic livestock farming is a livestock system that seeks to provide the consumer with fresh quality food, through the optimal and rational use of resources, respecting the environment, animal welfare and without using synthetic chemicals.
In terms of cattle, the regions of Jerez de los Caballeros (3,132 heads) and Llerena (2,391 heads) stand out. Those that have presented a higher ecological percentage, with respect to the total number of cattle, have been Puebla Alcocer (7.6%) and Llerena (7.2%).
The Castuera region has the largest number of organic sheep with 38,865 heads (7.6% organic sheep), followed by the regions of Llerena, with 7,746 heads (2.4%), and Almendralejo, with 6,032 heads ( 3.8%).
In 2020, Jerez de los Caballeros and Coria were the regions with the highest number of heads of goats, 207 and 192 heads, respectively. Coria and Olivenza being those that have had the highest ecological percentage of this type of livestock (1.1%).
Pig production has been especially concentrated in the Azuaga region (2,983 heads), representing only 1.7% of the organic percentage.
The Navalmoral de la Mata region is, by far, the one with the highest poultry production with 6,000 heads (14.3% organic), followed by the Plasencia region with 1,800 heads (0.4% organic). It should be noted that in the Hervás region, 82.8% of poultry are organic.
The owner of the exploitation is the natural or legal person, owner or tenant, who assumes the legal and economic responsibility of an exploitation and makes the decisions.
The head of the holding is the natural person responsible for the current and daily financial and production activities of the agricultural holding.
Generally, it coincides with the owner, when he is a natural person. If they do not coincide, the head of the holding may be a member of the owner’s family or another person.
Thus, in 2020, the region with the highest number of female farm managers was the region of Valencia de Alcántara with 34.5% of the total farm managers; followed by Hervás, with 33.7%, and Herrera Duque, with 33.3%.
The regions with the lowest representation of female exploitation managers have been Don Benito (22.1%), Jerez de los Caballeros (22.4%) and Olivenza (24.1%).
Farm managers by age group
Likewise, the percentage of farm managers under 45 years of age is much lower than the percentage of those over 45 years of age, in all regions. The regions of Badajoz (21.2%), Olivenza (19.0%) and Plasencia (18.1%) stand out with a higher percentage of farm managers under 45 years of age.
For their part, the regions of Herrera Duque, Valencia de Alcántara and Castuera have been the ones with the lowest percentage of farm managers under 45 years of age with 9.2%, 10.3% and 10.8%, respectively.
Heads of the farm by agricultural training
The percentage of farm managers with formal training is very low in 2020 and does not reach 6% in any of the regions. Those of Badajoz, Mérida (both with 5.6%) and Don Benito and Azuaga (with 5%) are those with the highest percentage of farm managers with formal training.
For their part, the regions of Herrera Duque, with 2.9%; Brozas, with 3.3%, and Valencia de Alcántara and Coria, with 3.6%, respectively, are those in which their exploitation managers have presented the lowest percentage of formal training in 2020.